Tire Safety Tips for Tractor, Construction, and other OTR Tires

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Tire Safety TipsLast week was designated as  National Tire Safety Week by the Rubber Manufacturers Association or RMA. While this campaign is generally dedicated to passenger tire safety for a safe summer travel season, it is the perfect time for us to talk about tire safety for specialty tires such as tractor, farm, construction and other OTR tires. Checking your tires should always be part of your daily inspection before operating any type of machinery. Besides the obvious risk of a tire blow out or failure during operation, other factors can affect your overall operational safety. Proper tire maintenance is important to maintain traction. Tires that show signs of damage, have excessive tread wear or are underinflated will not perform safely.

This is also important for your bottom line- when your tires are not performing properly, you are not getting the optimum performance from your equipment. And a tire failure causes very costly downtime! So take the time to properly inspect your tires for signs of wear, cracking, rim damage and inflation.

Tire Safety for Tractor Tires, Construction Tires & OTR Tires

Most safety tips will be true for any type of specialty tire. While there are some safety recommendations specific to say farm tires or OTR tires, let’s start with some basic good practices.

Proper Tire Selection

Tire size is just the starting point when it comes to specialty and OTR tires. Weight or load carrying capacity, applications, surface and environment for use, traction requirements and equipment type are just a few factors to consider. This is why it may be best to speak with an expert before you purchase. Ken Jones offers exceptional product support and will know how to find the right product for your needs and your budget. So just give us a call at 1-800-225-9513, email your questions to sales@kenjones.com, or live chat with a tire expert on our website.

To learn more about proper farm & tractor tire selection watch the video below:

Load And Inflation Pressure

Maintaining the correct inflation pressure at all times will give you the best results from your tires. This is true for almost any type of tire. Keep in mind that it takes tires up to 24 hours to cool after completing a job. Because of this, it is recommended that you check and adjust inflation pressure after long breaks or weekends.

Safety Starts with Proper Demounting & Mounting Procedures

Due to the size and weight of these tires, following proper procedures for demounting and mounting is extremely important. The task of servicing tires and wheels can be extremely
dangerous and should be performed by trained personnel only, using the correct tools and following specific procedures. If you have any doubt in performing any step in the demounting, mounting, or inflating process STOP! Seek assistance from a qualified person. The link below from Titan Tires gives their guidelines for proper mounting and demounting procedures. It also has useful tips about using the proper size rim and lubricants. For best practices you should follow safety guidelines and procedures as recommended by the manufacturer for your tires and equipment.
Demounting and Mounting Safety from Titan Tires

Liquid Ballasting

When extra traction is needed, especially in agriculture and OTR (off road use), liquid ballasting can be used to help improve traction, stability and higher adherence on the terrain. When filling tires with liquid ballast, it is recommended not to exceed 75% of its volume, in order to leave an air reserve of at least 25% of the tire volume. It is very important to use proper inflation pressure as recommended by the manufacturer with reference to the loading conditions in order to maintain safety and performance.

In harsher climates, anti-freezing agents such as calcium chloride or magnesium chloride can be used. It is highly recommended that these operations are carried out by a professional technician only.

Proper Handling & Storage

Avoid storing tires for more than a few months. Store in areas that are dark, cool, and free of dirt and oils. Try to store as far as possible from running electric engines. For more proper handling, transportation & storage tips from BKT Tires, click here.

Loader Tires

Loader Tires

Safety Tips More Specific to OTR or Off the Road Tires

OTR Tires or Off the Road Tires are one of the hardest working categories of tires we sell. Proper maintenance, selection and use of these tires improves performance, safety, and most importantly- reduces costly downtime!

The information below came from a previous post specific for this particular niche.
 
Off-the-road tires are designed for mining, roadwork,forestry/timber hauling and construction jobs. Always consult the manufacturer or an experienced OTR Tire expert before using these tires for any other uses. Improper handling, maintenance and driving habits can damage these costly tires, increasing the operating cost of your equipment.

The following tips came from the Alliance Tire Website recommendations for their OTR Tire Line:

Proper Tire Selection

When purchasing a tire, look for the design that best suits the job or application. “Tire size and P.R. should be determined after weighing the loads on each wheel according to accepted procedures. Generally, it is recommended to choose the tire that carries the load with the lowest inflation pressure. After selecting the tires and mounting them do not overload the vehicle, for example, by adding sideboards.”

Load And Inflation Pressure for OTR Tires

Maintaining the correct inflation pressure at all times will give you the best results from your tires. This is true for almost any type of tire. Keep in mind that it takes tires up to 24 hours to cool after completing a job. because of this, it is recommended that you check and adjust inflation pressure after long breaks or weekends.

  • Tire pressure should be checked every month, and occasionally during the work day. When checking during work times, make sure you take into account that heat build-up will raise the pressure up to 15 psi. If inflation pressure exceeds the additional 15 psi, you should reduce the load or the driving speed.
  • Never lower inflation pressure by bleeding. This only increases heat build-up.
  • Cover all valves with caps to prevent dirt penetration.
  • “Load and inflation pressures should be determined according to length of the haul.” See the tables below provided by Alliance. “When the haul exceeds 5 miles, round-trip, consult the tire manufacturer.” Maintaining the haul road can significantly increase the life of a tire.
  • “It is permitted to use regular skid depth tires without dry ballast in transit, on the condition that the following rules are carefully observed:1.The vehicle must be unloaded during transit.2. Maximum highway speed must be limited to 30 mph. For wide-base tires, the speed is 20 mph.3. Proper inflation pressure must be checked and maintained according to manufacturer’s instructions or the tables on the following pages.4. 30-minute intervals should be observed for cooling off every 50 miles or after 2 hours of sustained operation, whichever comes first.5. A minimum one-hour midday stop should be observed during full day operation.”

    Proper Driving Techniques

    To get maximum performance from off-the-road tires, it is important to use proper driving habits. Avoid things like: chuck holes, strong spinning, sudden starting or breaking maneuvers, high speed cornering, and locking one wheel for sharp turns. Any of these maneuvers can harm your tires and shorten their working life.

    Mounting and Dismounting of OTR Tires

    Alliance also recommends correct mounting and dismounting procedures. It is important to take all safety precautions. Remember, many severe accidents result from carelessness in mounting or dismounting.

    Mounting/Dismounting Safety Tips

  • “Before mounting the tires on the vehicle, check the wheels and rims and make sure that the vehicle is in perfect mechanical condition. Upon completion of the mounting process, check the clearance between the wheel and the vehicle all around. For duals, install a permanent rock ejector to prevent damage from wedged rocks.”
  • “Duals should not vary in their overall diameter, more than ¼” for tires of up to 8.25” cross section, and ½” for tires with cross section of 9.00” and above. If this is not adhered to, the larger tire is likely to fail prematurely. Never try to make up for larger differences by changing the inflation pressure.”

 

The allowing tables come from ATG/Alliance Tire Safety Tips Page:

LOAD INDICES
Indice Load in kg lbs Indice Load in kg lbs Indice Load in kg lbs Indice Load in kg lbs
100 800 1760 123 1550 3410 146 3000 6600 169 5800 12760
101 825 1815 124 1600 3520 147 3075 6765 170 6000 13200
102 850 1870 125 1650 3630 148 3150 6930 171 6150 13530
103 875 1925 126 1700 3740 149 3250 7150 172 6300 13860
104 900 1980 127 1750 3850 150 3350 7370 173 6500 14300
105 925 2035 128 1800 3960 151 3450 7590 174 6700 14740
106 950 2090 129 1850 4070 152 3550 7810 175 6900 15180
107 975 2145 130 1900 4180 153 3650 8030 176 7100 15620
108 1000 2200 131 1950 4290 154 3750 8250 177 7300 16060
109 1030 2266 132 2000 4400 155 3875 8525 178 7500 16500
110 1060 2332 133 2060 4532 156 4000 8800 179 7750 17050
111 1090 2398 134 2120 4664 157 4125 9075 180 8000 17600
112 1120 2464 135 2180 4796 158 4250 9350 181 8250 18150
113 1150 2530 136 2240 4928 159 4375 9625 182 8500 18700
114 1180 2596 137 2300 5060 160 4500 9900 183 8750 19250
115 1215 2673 138 2360 5192 161 4625 10175 184 9000 19800
116 1250 2750 139 2430 5346 162 4750 10450 185 9250 20350
117 1285 2827 140 2500 5500 163 4875 10725 186 9500 20900
118 1320 2904 141 2575 5665 164 5000 11000 187 9750 21450
119 1360 2992 142 2650 5830 165 5150 11330 188 10000 22000
120 1400 3080 143 2725 5995 166 5300 11660 189 10300 22660
121 1450 3190 144 2800 6160 167 5450 11990 190 10600 23320
122 1500 3300 145 2900 6380 168 5600 12320 191 10900 23980
SPEED INDICES
Speed code Km/h Mph
A1 5 3
A2 10 6
A3 15 9
A4 20 12
A5 25 16
A6 30 19
A7 35 22
A8 40 25
B 50 31
C 60 37
D 65 40
E 70 43
F 80 50
G 90 56
J 100 62
K 110 68
L 120 75
M 130 81
N 140 87

 

Watch the video below to help you select the RIGHT OTR or Loader Tires

 


Ken Jones Tires offers expert advice for all types of speciality tires: tractor, lawn & garden, construction, industrial, and more! We want to give our customers options, such as good, better and best choices! Just give us a call and we will help you find the right tire for your specific application and your budget!

Specialty Tire Experts

Video: Tire Safety Tips

http://www.KenJones.com choosing the right loader tire: what you need to know before you buy what you need to know before you buy tire size tread design tread depth weight requirements tire size tire size can be located on the sidewall of the tire and are usually two sets of numbers, the tire width (sidewall to sidewall) and the rim diameter. For example 20.5X25 20.5 inches wide and the rim diameter is 25 inches. If the tire is bias, then there will ne an "x" before the 25 If the tire is radial, there will be an "R" before the 25 Most OLDER loaders are bias and he newer loaders come with radial tires as original equipment. tread design Other than what comes Original Equipment on the loader from the factory, surface usage is the main factor in choosing a tread design. An aggressive tread design, called an L-2,is designed for soft surfaces, such as garden nurseries and mulch yards, while the hard surface or rock tread, called an L-3, is for quarry and road use. Load Capacity The size of the loader and the work load determines the weight requirements of the tires or tire ply rating. Many loader tires come in 12 ply and up to 20 ply ratings.the higher the ply rating, the more weight carrying capacity of the tire. A tire's ply rating can be found on the sidewall of the tire. Ken jones tires carries many different brands of loader tires including: armour titan bkt deestone and many more! There are many factors to consider when choosing the best loader tire for your machine. Its best to consult an expert. Call us today at 1-877-844-2010 73 Chandler Street Worcester, MA 01609 http://youtu.be/fyKR5rj953g Ken Jones Tires

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